英语常用词组大全-高中常用词组

英语笔记,英语词组大全

A

a (large) number of 许多
a bit 一点儿
a block of 一块
a bottle of 一瓶
a few 许多
a good/great deal of 大量(的);非常多(的)
a great/good many 很多的, 非常多的
a group of 一群,一组
a little 许多
a lot of/lots of 许多
a pair of 一双,一对
a piece of 一片(张,块)
a pile of 一堆
a place of interest 名胜
a set of 一套
a sort of 一种
a type of 一种类型的
a waste of 白费; 浪费
above all 首先;首要
according to 根据...
act as 充当;作;起......的作用
add up to 加起来是
add... to 把.....加到......上
admit doing sth 承认做过某事
advise doing sth 建议做某事
advise sb. against doing sth 建议(劝)某人不要做某事
advise sb not to do sth 建议(劝)某人不要做某事
advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事
afford to do 有经济条件做某事
after a (short) while 不久以后
after all 毕竟;终究
after graduation 毕业以后
again and again 反复地;再三地
agree on 商定;决定;达成共识
agree to do sth 同意做某事
agree to sth 同意(计划或建议)
agree with sb/what sb does 同意某人的意见
all along 一直,始终
all day and all night 整日整夜
all kinds of 各种各样的
all night 整夜
all of a sudden 突然,冷不防
all one's life 终生,一辈子
all over 到处,遍及…,浑身,结束
all over the country 遍及全国
all right 好吧,行吧,病好了
all round 周围,遍及四周
all sorts of 各种各样的
all the best 万事如意
all the same 一样,照样,完全一样
all the year round 一年到头
all through 自始至终
allow into 允许进入
allow doing 允许做某事
allow sb to do 允许某人做某事
and so on 等等
answer for 对......负责
apply for 申请...
arrive at /in 到达某地
as a matter of fact 事实上;其实
as a result(of) 结果
as if/though 好象;好似
as many/much as 多达......
as soon as 一……就……
as usual 象往常一样,照例
as well 也;有
as......as 像;如同
as/so far as 一直到… (程度)
ask sb to do sth 要求某人做某事
ask…for 询问;向......要
at (the) most 至多
at (the)least 至少
at a high price 以高价......
at a time 每次;一次
at all 全然,究竟,到底
at breakfast 早餐时;正吃早饭
at first hand 第一手地,直接地
at first 起先;开端
at hand 在手边,在近处
at home and abroad 国内外
at home 在家里
at night 在夜晚,在夜里
at noon 在中午
at once 立刻,马上
at one time 以前;曾经
at present 现在;目前
at sea 在海上
at someone’s hands 出自某人之手,因为某人
at the age of 在......岁时
at the beginning of 在......的开始
at the end of 最后;尽头
at the foot of 在….的脚下
at the latest 最迟;至迟
at the mercy of 在......支配下
at the same time 同时
at the school gate / at the gate of the school 在学校门口
at the time of 在......的时候
at the top of one's voice 高声地喊叫
at work 再工作,在运转,在起作用

B

be able to do sth (有能力)做某事
be about to 即将
be afraid of 害怕
be against 反对
be angry at sth 对某事生气
be angry with sb 愤怒,生某人的
be anxious about /for 为......担心,焦急
be away from 远离......
be bad at 在......弱,差
be busy doing sth 忙于做……
be busy with sth 忙于......
be careful (of) 当心,小心
be covered with/by 为......所覆盖
be different from 与......不同
be famous as 作为......著名
be famous for 因......而著名
be far away from 远离…
be filled with 用......装满
be fit for 适合
be fond of 爱好;喜爱
be for 支持
be free to do sth 随意做某事
be friendly to sb 对…友好的
be full of 充满......
be good at 在......擅长,善于…
be in love with 与......相爱
be in the habit of doing 有做…的习惯
be late for 迟到
be made from /of 由...... 制成
be made in 由……(产地)制造
be made up of 由...构成;由...组成
be of great help 对…很有帮助
be on fire 在......着火
be on holiday 在假期中
be on show 展览
be poor in 在......差
be popular with sb 深受......欢迎
be prepared for 为……做好准备
be proud of 为......而自豪
be ready (for) 为……做好准备
be rich in 在......充足;富含.....
be satisfied/content with 对……感到满意
be seated 坐下;坐着
be strict with(in) 对某人(物)要求严格
be sure about/of 确信;有把握
be terrified at 被……吓一跳
be tired of sth/doing sth 厌倦做某事
be tired with/from 因......感到厌倦
be torn open 被撕开
be unfit for 不合适,不称职,不胜任
be used to do ...... 被用来作某事
be used to sth/doing sth 习惯做某事
be weak in/at在......弱
be worth doing 值得做......
be wrong with 出毛病,不对头
beat…to death 把.....打死
because of 因为;由于
before long 不久
beg one's pardon 企求
begin…with 从......开始
believe in 信任,信仰
belong to 属于
beyond help 不可挽救的
beyond hope 没有希望的
blow away 刮走;吹走
break away from 脱离......
break down 分解,机器等坏了;身体跨了
break in 插话;强行进入
break into 闯入
break off 打断;折段
break out 爆发,突然发生
break the law 违法,犯法
break the habit of doing 改掉…的习惯
break the rule 违反规定
break up 分解,腐蚀,驱散
break with 与......断绝关系
bring down 使到下;降低
bring in 引来,引进;吸收
bring on 使前进
bring out 说明,阐明
bring up 教育;培养;提出
burn down 把......烧成平地;烧光
burn...to the ground 把......烧成平地
by accident 偶然
by air 乘飞机
by and by 不久,不久以后
by day 日间;白天里
by far 很,极
by hand 手工地
by means of 通过这种方式
by mistake 由疏忽所致
by sea 乘船
by spaceship 乘宇宙飞船
by the end of 在结束之前
by the side of 在......附近
by the way 顺便说
by this means 通过这种方式
by turns 轮流,交替

C

call at some place 访问某地
call back 回电话
call for 去取(某物); 去接(某人);要求,需求
call in 召集
call on sb to do sth 号召某人做某事
call on(upon) sb 拜访某人
call out 着急,大声叫
call sb up 给某人打电话
can’t help doing 情不自禁的做…
care for 喜欢;想要
carry away 冲掉;冲走
carry off 夺走
carry on 进行
carry out 实行,执行,贯彻
carry through 进行到底,完成
catch/take a cold 着凉,感冒
catch fire 着火
catch hold of 抓住,抓牢
catch sight of 望见
catch up with sb 赶上(某人)
change for 换成
change one's mind 改变主意
change...into 把......变成
clear away 把......清除掉
clear up 整理;收拾
collect money for 为......募捐
come about 发生
come across 碰到
come along 快点,来吧
come back 回来
come back to life 苏醒,复活
come down 下来,下降
come from 来自
come in 进来
come into being 形成,产生
come off 从......离开;脱落
come on 快些,加油
come out 出版;开放
come to 共计;达到
come true 成为现实
come up 走进,上前来
compare with 把......和......进行比较
compare to 与......相比
connect to 把...... 接到......
connect with 与......相连
consider doing sth 考路做某事
consider sb as/to be 认为......;把某人看做…
cut off 切断
cut through 剪断
cut up 切碎

D

date back to 追溯到
date from 起始于;追溯到
day after day 日复一日地
day and night=night and day 日日夜夜
deal with 对付;处理
decide to do sth 决定做某事
depend on 依赖;靠 ......决定
devote to 把......献于;把......用于
die from 死于(外因).....
die of 死于(内因).....
die out 灭绝
divide into 分成
do a good deed 对某人做了一件好事
do fine 赶得好
do good 有好处
do harm 有害处
do one’s homework 做家庭作业
do one's best 尽力
do sb a favour / do a favour for sb 帮某人一个忙
do sb good / do good to sb 对某人有好处
do some cleaning/cooking/washing/shopping 打扫卫生/做饭/洗衣服/买东西
do up 收拾,打扮;包装
do well in 在......做的好
do with 处理
do wrong 做坏事;犯罪
dozens of 几十
dream of 向往;渴望;梦想
dress up 打扮
drive off 赶走
drive sb mad 使某人发疯
drop in on sb 顺便拜访某人
drop in at some place 顺便拜访某地

E

each other 彼此,互相
earn one's living 谋生
eat up 吃光
either...or… 或者…或者
end in 以......结束,最后
end up 告终
end with 以......结束
enjoy oneself 过得愉快
even though/if 尽管;即使
ever since 自那时起一直到现在
every few years 每隔几年
every other year 每隔一年
every two years 每两年

F

face to face 面对面
fail in doing sth 做某事失败
fail to do sth 没做成某事
fall asleep 入睡
fall behind 落后于
fall ill 生病
far away 遥远的
far from 远离…
feed on 以…为主食
feel free to do sth 觉得自己可以随意做某事
feel like doing sth 想要或喜欢做某事
feel one’s way 摸索着前进
fight about/over 因为…争吵
fight against … 与…作斗争
fight back 抵抗, 反击
fight for … 为… 而斗争
fight off 击退,竭力摆脱
fight on 继续战斗
fight out 通过争斗解决争论,平息不和
fill … with… 用…把…装满
fill in 填充;填写
find out 查明;发现;了解
fire at 朝… 开枪
first of all 首先
fix a date for 确定…的日期
fix one’s eyes upon sth/sb 盯着…看
fix up 安排,安顿
for ever 永远
for example 例如
for fear of/for 由于担心…,因为怕…
for free 免费
for fun 为了消遣
for joy 高兴地
for the first time 第一次
form the habit of doing 养成做…的习惯
free of charge 免费
from … to… 从 … 到…
from hand to mouth (生活来源)足够糊口的
from now on 从现在起,从此以后;今后
from the very first/beginning 从一开始,从最初
from then on 从那时开始
from time to time 不时地

G

general idea 大意
generally speaking 总的说来
get along ( with ) (与人)和睦相处;(事情)进展
get away 逃;离
get back 返回
get down to doing 开始认真做…
get down 降下;下车
get hold of 抓住
get in one's way 妨碍某人
get in 进入;收集
get into 进入,陷入
get into trouble 陷入困境
get off 下车
get on 上车
get on with 与某人相处
get out 离开,出去
get sb into the habit of doing 使某人养成做…的习惯
get the feel of 习惯
get through 通过;打通(电话)
get to 到达
get to know 认识
get together 聚集
get up 起床
give /lend a hand to 帮忙,支援
give a concert 举行音乐会
give a talk 作报告,演讲
give advice to sb 给某人提建议
give away 捐赠,分送
give back 归还,送还
give in 屈服;投降;让步
give lessons to 给…上课
give off 发散,放出 (液体,气体,气味等)
give out 发出 (声音等); 用完,耗尽
give sb some advice on how to do sth 给某人提出关于如何做某时的建议
give someone a free hand 放手让某人干
give up 放弃,抛弃,终止
glance at sth 匆匆看看
glare at 怒目而视
go after 追求,追逐
go against 违背,反对
go ahead 先走,先行;好吧
go along 继续,进行
go around / round (疾病) 传播
go away 离开
go back 回去
go by 经过;过去
go down 下降,降低
go fishing/shopping/skating/swimming (去)钓鱼/买东西/滑冰/游泳
go for a walk 出去散步
go for nothing 白费, 毫无用处
go for one’s holiday 去度假
go for 求得
go home 回家
go into 进入
go off for 出发去…
go off 爆炸
go on doing sth 继续做同一件事
go on strike 举行罢工
go on to do sth 继续做另一件事
go on with one’s work 继续自己的工作
go out for a walk 出去散步
go out 出门, 外出;(火,灯)熄灭
go over 检查;复习
go through with 完成,做完
go through 遭受;经历;忍受
go to bed 上床睡觉
go to the cinema 去看电影
go under 沉没
go up 上升,增长
go with 相配;协调
go without 没有…也行;将就
Good heavens! 天哪!
graduate from 毕业于
grow rich on … 靠…变得富有
grow up 成年;长成大人;生长

H

had better 最好
half an hour 半小时
hand in hand 手拉手
hand in 交上;交进
hand out 分发
hand over 移交 ( 权力,责任等)
hand sth down from generation to generation 把…一代一代传下去
have ( got ) to 不得不;必须
have a cold (患)伤风
have a fever 发烧
have a headache 头疼
have an idea of 知道…
have breakfast 吃早饭
have sb do/doing 让某人做某事
have some/nothing to do with 和......有些(没有)关系
have sth done 使某人做某事
have sth on 穿着;戴着
head for 朝…前进,向…去
head off 把…引导别的方向去
hear about 得悉,听说
hear from 收到…的来信
hear of 听说
heart and soul 全心全意
help oneself to sth 自取;随便吃
help out 帮助克服困难,帮忙
help sb with sth 帮助某人做某事
help to do 有助于
here and there 各处;到处
hold back 控制 (感情,眼泪等)
hold down 压下,抑制
hold off 挡住
hold on (打电话时) 等着,别挂断
hold one's breath (由于激动、害怕等)不出气;并住呼吸
hold one's head high 昂首,趾高气昂
hold out 提供,提出
hold up 举起
hold up one’s head 高昂着头
hope for the best 尽量望好处想
how far 多远
how long 多久
how many 多少
how much 多少
how often 多久
how old 多大
how soon 多久以后
human being 人
hurry up 赶紧;急忙

I

in a hurry 匆忙地
in a minute 不一会儿,立刻
in a short while 不久
in a word 总之,简言之
in all 总计,全部
in common 共同
in danger 处于危险状态
in English 用英语
in fact 实际上
in favour of 支持,赞同
in fear of 在…恐惧中
in front of … 在…的前面
in fun 开玩笑似的
in future 今后
in good health 身体健康
in half 一半
in need of 需要
in order 按顺序,井然有序
in order that/to 为了
in other words 换句话说,也就是说
in place of 代替
in poor health 身体不好
in public 当众,公开地
in rags 穿着破衣服
in search of 寻找,追求
in sight 在视野内,看得见
in someone’s/something’s favour 对…有利
in space 在空间
in surprise 惊奇地
in the day 在白天
in the daytime 在白天
in the distance 在远处
in the distant future 在久远的将来
in the end 最后;终于
in the face of 面对…而不顾
in the front of … 在…的前部
in the future 在将来
in the hope of sth 希望…
in the near future 在不久的将来
in those days 在过去,在那些日子里
in time 及时,最终,迟早
instead of 代替;而不是

J

join in 参加
join the army 参军
join up 连接起来
join…to… 把…和…连接起来
jump off 跳下
jump onto 跳到…上
just a minute 等一会儿
just now 刚才;不久以前
just then 正在那时

K

keep (on) doing 继续;反复不断地做某事
keep …out of… 使…不进入…
keep a certain distance 保持一定距离
keep a record (of sth.) 作记录
keep back 扣留
keep fit 保持身体健康
keep in touch with 与……保持距离
keep off 让开;不接近
keep one’s balance 保持平衡
keep one’s promise 遵守诺言
keep one’s word 守约;守信
keep sb doing sth 让某人不停地做某事
keep silence/silent 保持安静
keep up with 跟上
keep up 保持;维持;继续
keep watch 守望,值班
keep…alive 存活
keep…away from… 使远离……
keep…from doing sth. 阻止做某事
keep…in mind 记住;想着
keep…out/ keep…out of… 不让……进入
key figure 关键人物
kick off 踢脱(鞋子等)
kick the habit of 改掉……的习惯
kiss sb. hello / goodbye 亲吻某人问好╱吻别
knock against 撞击
knock at / on(the door) 敲(门)
knock down 撞倒
knock into撞上
knock over 撞翻
knock…in/ knock…into… 把……敲进……
knock…off… 撞离
knock…out / knock…out of… 把……敲出来
know about / of 了解有关情况

L

lack of… 缺少
last (for) 持续
last time 上次
laugh at 嘲笑
lay eggs 下蛋;产卵
lay the table 摆设餐具
lead / live a … life 过着……的生活
lead to 通向;导致
learn about 获悉;了解
learn…by heart 记住;背诵
learn…from… 向……学习
leave a message for sb. 给某人留口信
leave out 漏掉
leave sth. to sb. (遗)留给某人……;托付……做某事
leave sth. with sb. 交给某人看管,照看
leave…doing / done / adj. / prep. 使……处于某种状态
let out 泄露;发出(叫喊声)
let…in / out… 让……进入/出去
lie in 在于
lie on one’s back / side / stomach 仰卧/侧卧/趴着
lie to / in / on 位于
light a fire 点火
listen to 听
little by little 渐渐地
live by doing 靠做……为生
live on 靠……为生;继续存活
live through 活过;经历过……未死
living conditions 居住条件
living room 起居室
long ago / before 很久以前
look after 照顾,照看
look around 四处看看,环顾
look at 看
look back upon / on 回顾
look down upon / on看不起……
look for 寻找
look forward to 盼望;期望
look into 向……里面看;调查
look on 看待,观看,旁观
look out 留神;当心
look out for 当心;找寻
look round / around 仔细查看
look through 仔细查看,浏览,看穿
look up 向上看,仰望,查询
look up to 尊重
lose a battle 战败
lose courage 失去勇气
lose face 丢脸
lose heart 失去信心;灰心
lose one’s heart to 爱上;倾心于……
lose one’s life 牺牲
lose one’s sight 失明
lose one’s voice 失音;嗓子哑
lose touch with 失去联系
lose weight 减肥;降重量
luckily for sb. 对某人来说幸运的是……

M

make a / one’s living by doing 已做……为生
make a copy of 复制
make a decision 做出决定
make a face / make faces 做鬼脸;做苦脸
make a film / films 拍摄电影
make a fire 生火
make a list of 列一张……的清单
make a long distance call 打长途电话
make a mistake 犯错误
make a noise 吵闹,发出响声
make a plan for 为……作计划
make a point 立论;阐明观点
make a promise 答应;允诺
make a record 录制唱片
make a search for 找寻
make a speech 作演讲
make a suggestion 提建议
make a telephone call to sb. 给某人打电话
make a trip 作旅行
make an advertisement for 为……做广告
make an announcement 宣布
make an answer 回答
make an attack on 攻击
make an explanation 作解释
make an offer of 愿给以……
make an offer to do 想做某事
make ends meet 量入为出;使收支相抵
make enemies with 树敌
make friends with… 与…交朋友
make fun of 取笑 (某人);开…的玩笑
make it a condition that… 以……为条件
make it possible to do ; make it possible that… 使可能做某事
make money out of 靠……挣钱
make no difference 毫无差别;没有影响
make noise 制造噪音
make oneself done 使自己被别人……
make progress 取得进步
make repairs 修理,修补
make room for 为……腾地方
make sense 讲得通;很有意义
make sentences with 用…造句
make sure of 确保;确定
make the best of 充分利用,善用
make up 编出;组成
make up one’s mind (to do sth.) 下定决心做……
make use of 利用
make……to one’s (own) measure 按照某人的尺寸做……
make…from / out of… 由……制作……
make…into… 将……制成
manage to do 成功地做……;设法做……
mark…with… 用……标记……
masses of 大多数;大部分
match…with… ……与……相搭配
mean doing 意味着;意思是
mean to do 意图做
measure…with a ruler 用尺子量
medical care 医疗护理
meet sb. at the station / the airport 到车站/飞机场接某人
men’s room 男厕所
millions of 数百万的
minority groups 少数民族
miss doing 错过做某事
miss one’s footing and fall 没站稳摔倒了
mix…with… 把……混合于……
more and more 越来越(多)
more or less 差不多;或多或少
mouth to mouth 口对口地
move in 迁入
move on 继续移动;朝前走

N

natural gas 天然气
neither here nor there 与所述无关的,不相干的
neither…nor… 既不……也不
never mind 没关系,别介意
newspaper reporter 新闻记者
next door 隔壁
next to 紧挨着; 接下来;次于
no more /longer 不再
no more than 不过;仅仅
no wonder 不足为奇,难怪
not ...any longer/more 不再
not at all 一点也不;根本不
not more than 不超过
not only…but (also) … 不仅……而且……
not so...as 不像;不如
not…any more / longer 不再
not…at all 一点也不
not…but… 不是……而是
not…unless… 除非;如果不
not…until… 直到……才……
not…without… 没有……不……
now and again / then 有时;不时地
now that 既然;由于
nuclear waste 核废弃物

O

obey the rule(s) 遵守规则
object to (doing) 反对(做)……
of one’s own 属于某人自己的
off the coast 在海岸附近
off the point 离题
offer first aid to sb. 给某人实施急救
offer sb. a lift home 让某人搭便车回家
offer sb. sth./ offer sth. to sb. 给某人提供……
official language 官方语言
on (the) average 平均而言
on (the) one hand…, on the other (hand)… 一方面……另一方面……
on (the) one hand…on the other (hand) 一方面…另一方面
on (the) top of 在……顶上
on / at the weekend ; on / at weekends 在周末
on board 在船上
on business 为公事;出公差
on condition that 条件是……
on doing sth. 一……就……
on duty 值班,值日
on earth 在世界上;到底;究竟
on fire 着火
on foot 步行;走路
on hold 等着通电话
on holiday 休假;度假
on one’s knees 跪着
on one’s own 独立地;独自的
on one’s way home 在…回家的路上
on one's way to 在去…的路上
on show 显示;展示
on the air (用无线电、电视)播送
on the coast 在海岸上
on the contrary 相反地
on the edge of 在……的边缘
on the farm 在农场
on the left/right 在左/右边
on the march 参加游行
on the other hand 另一方面
on the other side of 在…的对面(另一面)
on the point of 正要……的时候
on the radio 通过收音机;通过广播
on the shore(s) 在岸上,在海滨
on time 准时
on top of 在…上面
on TV 通过电视机;在电视上
on watch 守望,值班
once again / more 再一次
once in a while 偶尔;间或
once upon a time 从前
one after another 一个接一个地,连接地, 相继;顺次
one another 相互,彼此
one by one 一个一个地
one day (过去或将来的)某一天
open to 向……开放
operate on sb. 给某人做手术
or else 否则;要不然
or rather 更确切地说
or so 大约……;……上下
ought to 应该
out of breath 上气不接下气
out of control 失控
out of doors 在户外
out of hand 即时,即刻
out of one’s reach / out of the reach of 够不着
out of place 不适当;不在合适位置
out of question 没问题
out of repair 失修
out of sight 在视野以外,看不见
out of the question 不可能
out of work 失业
over again 再一次
over and over again 反复不断地;再三地
over there 在那边
owe sb. sth. / owe sth. to sb. 欠债
owe sth. to sb. / sth. 把……归功于……

P

paas by 经过
pass down/on from generation to generation 一代一代传下去
pass further laws 又通过了一些法律
pass through 通过,经过
pay (one’s) attention to 注意
pay a visit to 拜访,游览
pay back 偿还
pay for 付钱
pay off the debts 还清债务
pay sb. a visit 拜访某人
pay the bill 付帐
per cubic metre 每立方米
perform a dance 表演舞蹈
personal affairs 私人事件
persuade sb. to do sth. 说服某人做某事
pick out 挑出来
pick up 拾起来,接收(广播),开车接某人
piles of 一堆一堆的
place an order 订购(货物)
place of interest 名胜
play a joke on sb. 捉弄…
play a trick on 开玩笑,恶作剧
play an important part/role in sth. 扮演着重要的角色,起着重要的作用
play football 踢足球
play on words 双关语,俏皮话
play the piano 弹钢琴
play the role of 扮演…的角色,起着…的作用
play tricks on 开玩笑,恶作剧
play with 同…一起玩
play with fire 玩火,冒大风险
plenty of 大量的
point at 指着
point out 指出
point to 指向
pop music/star 流行音乐/歌星
post office 邮局
prefer +n./doing …to +n./doing…比起 …更愿做
prefer to do sth. 情愿做…
prefer to do…rather than do…比起 …更愿做…
prepare sb. for sth. 使某人为 …作好准备
press against/on 挤,压,按
pretend to do/be 装作
prevent sb. (from ) doing sth. 防止某人做某事
primary school 小学
protect against 防范
provide sb. with sth. 给某人提供
provide sth. for sb. 给某人提供
publishing house 出版社
pull on 穿上,戴上
push on 推进,努力前进
push over 推倒
push…aside 把…推到一边
put away 放到一边,收起来
put down 放下
put into 把…转换成
put off 推迟
put on 穿上,上演
put on performances 表演节目
put on weight 增肥
put one's heart into 全神贯注于…之中
put out 扑灭
put sb. in/into prison 把某人送入监狱
put sb. to the trouble of doing sth. 麻烦某人做某事
put up举起来,上演,张贴

Q

quarrel about 为…争吵
quarrel with 与某人争吵
quiet a few 相当多
quite a lot of 非常多的
quite by accident 很偶然, 碰巧

R

rather than 比
reach one’s understanding 使某人理解
reach out (for) 伸手去够
read bits here and there 这读一点儿那读一点儿
reception desk 接待处
refer to 指,查询
regard …as… 把 …看作
relate to 联系
rely on sb. (for sth.) (在某事上)依赖某人
remember me to sb. 代我向…问候
remind of 使某人想起
reply to 答复
respect sb. as 把某人尊敬为…
rest rooms 休息室
result from 由于
result in 结果是, 导致
return to normal 恢复正常
right away 马上
right now 现在
ring back 回电话
ring off 挂断
ring up 打电话
rise by 上升了
rise to 上升到
rise to one’s feet 站起来
rise up 起义,起来反抗
roll over 翻滚
rot away 烂掉,腐烂
round up 聚拢,赶拢
run across 不期而遇
run away 逃跑
run out of 花光,用光,消耗光
run the length of 长度为…
rush hour (上下班时)车辆拥挤时间
rush off one’s feet 忙地不可开交,忙地不亦乐乎

S

save one’s time 节约时间
say “Hi” to sb. from sb.代我向… 问候
say hello to sb 向…表示问候
sb be familiar with sth 某人熟悉某物
school-leavers 毕业生
scold sb…for sth… 因为… 批评某人
scores of 大量的
second largest 第二大
see sb.off 为某人送行
see through 看穿,识破
see to 负责,注意
seem as if 看上去好象
seize every minute 抓住每一分
sell out 售完
send for 派人去请
send off 派遣, 寄出
send out 发送,派遣
send up 发出,射出
sentence sb. to death 判处某人死刑
separate from 分离
set an example to sb. 给某人树立一个榜样
set fire to =set sth. on fire 点火,使 …着火
set free 释放;使自由
set off 出发,动身,使爆炸
set one’s heart on sth 非常想要某物
set out 出发,开始
set sail 起航
set sb. an example 把某人树成榜样
set up 建立
settle down 定居
seven in ten 十分之七
shake hands 握手
shapes of letters 字母的形状
share a ride 搭车
share one’s memories of the dead person 悼念亡人
share the same tastes and interests 有共同的品位和爱好
shoot at 朝… 射击
short-wave 短波
shout at 朝…大喊
show off 炫耀
show sb. around 领某人参观
show sb. out/in 领某人出去/进来
shut down 关闭,倒闭,破产
shut off 切断,关掉
side by side 肩并肩
sign an agreement with 与… 签定和约
smile to oneself 暗自微笑
smooth away 克服
so as to 为了,以便
so far 到目前为止
so far as 就…而论
so far, so good 到目前为止一切还算顺利
so long as 只要
so that 以便于
so(as) far as I know 据我所知
so…that… 如此…以至于…
solve the problem 解决问题
sooner or later 或早或晚
sound lab 语音室
sound like 听起来象
sound the fire alarm 鸣响火警警报
spare sb. some time 为某人匀点儿时间
spare time 匀出时间
speak out 大胆地说出
spend …on sth. 在某物/事上花(时间,金钱)
spend…(in) doing sth. 在某物/事上花(时间,金钱)
spoken English 英语口语
sports meet 运动会
stand at a attention 立正
stand by 站在旁边,和…站在一起
stand for 代表
stare at 盯着
start all over again 重新开始
start doing/to do sth 开始做某事
starve to death 饿死
stay away from 远离
stay up 挺立,熬夜
step by step 逐步地,一步一步地
step forward 站出来
sth be familiar to sb 某物对某人是熟悉的
stick to 坚持
stone by stone 一块石头一块石头地
stop doing sth 停止做某事
stop sb. (from ) doing 防止某人做某事
stop to do sth 停下来去做某事
strike a match 划一根火柴
struggle against 为反对… 而斗争
struggle for 为争取… 而斗争
struggle to one’s feet 费力地站起来
succeed in doing 成功地做某事
such as 例如
suffer fever 发烧
suffer from 遭受
suit…to… 适合
supply sb. with sth. 给某人提供
supply sth. to sb. 给某人提供

T

take (a) pride in 以…而自豪
take (a) pride in 以…为骄傲
take …for example 拿 … 举例
take …nationality 加入…国籍
take a …degree 获得…学位
take a deep breath 深呼吸
take a false name 冒名
take a look at…看一看
take a photograph (of) 照相
take a taxi 乘出租车
take a taxi home 乘出租回家
take action 采取行动
take along 带着
take an interest in 对…感兴趣
take away (from) 带走,拿走
take back 收回,带回
take care of 照顾,保管
take charge 负责
take down 拿下
take exercise 做操
take hold of 抓住,握住
take it easy 放松,别紧张
take measure 采取措施
take off 脱下,(飞机)起飞
take on 呈现
take one's place 代替
take one's seat 就座
take one's temperature 量体温
take one's turn 依次,轮流
take out 拿出来
take part in 参加
take photos 拍照
take place 发生
take possession of 拥有
take sides in 偏向…一边
take sth in one's arm
take the place of sb. 代替
take the role of 扮演…的角色,起…的作用
take the side of 和谁站在一起,偏向
take turns to do sth. 轮流做某事
take up 占据,从事
take up arms 拿起武器
take with 带着
talk about (泛泛地)谈
talk of 谈到
talk on (系统地)谈
tea room 茶室
tear down 拆卸
tell lies 撒谎
tell the difference between 分辨两者之间的不同
tell…apart 分辨
tell…from 分辨
tens of thousands of 数以万计的
thanks to 多亏了,由于
that is 也就是说
that is to say 也就是说
the Communist Manifesto 共产主义宣言
the day after tomorrow 后天
the day before yesterday 前天
the minute…一… 就…
the moment.. 一… 就…
the more …the more 越…越…
the number of …的数量
the other day 前几天
the public 公众,民众
there is no doubt about it. 对此毫无疑问
there is no help for it 没得救了,木已成舟
there 's no need for sth. 没有必要
there's no need to do sth. 没有做某事的必要
these days 现在,如今
think about 考虑
think of 思考,想
think over 仔细考虑
think up 想出
thousands of 成千上万的
throw at 向…扔
throw away 扔掉
throw off 匆匆脱掉,扔掉,摆脱
throw up 呕吐
tidy up 整理
time and time again 一次又一次
to be honest 诚实的说
to make things worse 更糟的是
to one’s joy 令某人高兴的是
to one's astonishment 使某人惊奇的是
to one's delight 使某人高兴的是
to one's joy 使某人高兴的是
to one's measure 按….的尺寸
to one's sorrow 使某人悲伤的是
to one's surprise 使某人惊奇的是
to put it another way 从另一个角度说
to tell you the truth 实话给你说
to the point 扼要,切中要害
trade in sth. 做…方面的生意
trade with sb. 与某人做生意
training centre 培训中心
translate …into… 把… 翻译成
travel to 到…旅行
treat ...as…作为 …对待
treat …as through/if… 象…一样对待
try on 试穿
try one's best 尽某人全力
try out 试验
turn against 背叛
turn away 不准…进入
turn down 关小点儿声,拒绝
turn in 交出,上交
turn in a semicircle 转半圈
turn into 变成
turn off 关掉
turn on 打开
turn out 结果是,证明是
turn over 翻动,耕翻(土地)
turn to 转到,翻到
turn to sb for help 向某人求救
turn up 开大声,出现

U

under an English name 用一个英文名
under the leadership of … 在…的领导之下
under the name of 用 …名字
under the protection of 在…的保护之下
up and down 上上下下
up to 直到
up to a distance of 距离为
upon one's death 在某人死后
use one’s head 动脑筋
used to do 过去常常做某事

V

varieties of 各种各样的
various of 各种各样的
vote against 投票反对某人
vote for 投票选举某人
Voting Rights Bill 选举权法案

W

wag from side to side 左右摇晃
wagging dance 摇摆舞
wait for 等候
wait on 服侍,伺候
wake up 醒来
walk along 沿… 走
warm up 变暖,热身
waste time on sth./in doing sth. 在某事/物上浪费时间
watch for 守侯,注意,监视
watch out 密切注视,当心,提防
watch over 监视,看守
wave one’s head 摇头
wear out 筋疲力尽
weather report/forecast 天气预报
well-kept secret 保守地很好的秘密
well-known 著名的
well-paid job 报酬高的工作
well-trained 训练的很好的
what a pity 真遗憾
what a shame真遗憾
what about + n./doing sth.?... 怎么样?
what is more 而且
what is worse 更糟的是
win the Nobel Prize 获得诺贝尔奖
wind one's way 蜿蜒向前
wind the handle 摇动把手
wind up 卷紧,上紧… 的发条
wipe off 擦去
wish …every success 祝成功
with the help of 在… 的帮助下
with the name 用 … 的名字
with the permission of 在…的允许下
with the purpose of doing sth. 带着…的目的
without fail 必定,一定
without fear or favour 公正的,不偏袒某一方的
without mercy 毫不留情的,残忍的
work as 干…工作
work at 从事,致力于
work hard at 在 …努力
work on 建造,制作
work out 解出,制订出
worry about 担忧
worse is to come 更糟的事情发生了
worse still 更糟的是
write down 写下,记下
write to 给某人写信
written English 英语书面语

Y

year after year 年复一年的(表每年的重复)
year by year 逐年的(表变化)